Yep! Another Hat Blog – 25 April 2017

Just to follow on from yesterday…and I do intend from time to time to edit some of these blogs and insert new pics as I find them in my research. I got to thinking about all kinds of things that one might put on their head and of course wigs came to mind.  Both men and women wore wigs and indeed the art of hairdressing becomes a little more creative and fashionable as the century wore on led of course by Marie Antoinette as depicted in this painting by Jean Baptiste Gautier Dagoty in 1775.

So,  I a took quick look at the Limerick Trade Directory of 1769  and found 16 wig makers listed in Limerick or should I say Peruke Makers as they were known then.  I have mapped them below and it is clear they were well dispersed throughout the old town…the new town as we know it today was in its infancy.

peruke makers 1769

Advertising of peruke makers in the Limerick newspapers is very limited and the earliest I could find was in 1749 of James Donoghue, Peruke Maker living St. Francis Abbey.

He not only made wigs but also cut hair leading me to assume that most wig makers did the same kind of thing.  As the Century progressed there was an increase in the  number of  advertisements for cosmetics, perfume and hairdressing particularly when the Assizes came to town.  Suggesting that the Assizes had a significant social aspect to them.

There were only two Hatters listed in the directory James Kincaid and Lee Henry both based in Francis Street. According to they refer to this paintinglimerick exchange henry o shea

being engraved by  by  ‘Anonymous’  and published in Picturesque Views of the Antiquities of England & Wales, 1786. A brief look at this book and I could not find an image of the exchange but lots about Limerick castle, cathedral and indeed Castle Connell. Limerick Museum on the other hand credit the painting to Henry O Shea in 1900 and it is a copy of an earlier painting dating to 1820. Thanks to fellow historian Liam Irwin for enlightening me on the image.  Of course the dead giveaway to all those Military Historians who would spot the caps and regalia of the two gentlemen in the painting. The style of the Mace Bearers hat also is significant in its shape.  However there are advertisements in the Limerick newspapers for military style hats made to measure for both men and women.


The images show a turf Cutter with a lady in the background wearing a scarf on her head. While the Mace Bearer and the two soldiers are wearing specifically designed headwear for their civic position indeed, everyone in the picture is wearing some form of head dress.

List of Peruke Makers in Limerick 1769

Year C Name Surname Address 1 Addres 2 Limerick
1769 John Bourke Johns Street Limerick
1769 Jacob Bennis Main Street Limerick
1769 James Connolly Main Street Limerick
1769 Edmond Crowe Main Street Limerick
1769 Francis Downes Creagh Lane Limerick
1769 John Everitt Mungret Street Limerick
1769 John Fitzgerald Parade Limerick
1769 John Hogan Main Street Limerick
1769 John Mackey John Street Limerick
1769 Benjamin Mills Main Street Limerick
1769 William Mullock Quay Lane Limerick
1769 Thomas Mullock Quay Lane Limerick
1769 William Perry Mainguard Limerick
1769 Thomas Power Old Quay Limerick
1769 William Ryan Shamble Lane Limerick
1769 Giles Vandeleur Quay Lane Limerick

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